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Undergraduate Research Project Management System

Ecology of Gun Crime in Anchorage, Alaska: Testing the Collective Efficacy Measure as an Indicator of Crime Rates

Status Complete
Seeking Researchers No
Start Date 09/01/2004
End Date 06/30/2005
Funding Source Undergraduate Research Grants
Funding Amount
Community Partner
Related Course
Last Updated 07/05/2008 01:25AM
Keywords Gun Crime

People

Faculty
  Sharon Chamard

Student Researchers
  Joel Hunt

Abstract

"Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods" and subsequent works by Robert Sampson, Stephen Raudenbush, and Felton Earls (Earls, et al., 1997). In their study, they administered an interview to respondents to gather data on two main variables, cohesion and social control, that combine to form collective efficacy. This study will attempt through archival research of prior studies in Anchorage and the 2000 United States census data, to calculate these variables on a community council level for the Municipality of Anchorage. This measure or index is inferred by Sampson, Raudenbush, and Earls to be a predictor of crime, specifically violent crime (Sampson, et al., 1997:918). To test the legitimacy of this index rate it will be correlated with gun incident rates for the Municipality of Anchorage's community councils. The gun incident rate will be obtained through the Project Safe Neighborhood Study that is ongoing in the Municipality of Anchorage. This study will accept the measures as being accurate measures for a community council analysis and does not aim to disprove the theory of collective efficacy, but merely tests the application of the theory with respect to gun crime in Anchorage.

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