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Get it Cheaper, Get it Quicker: The Relationship in U.S. Neighborhoods Between Fast Food and Economic Class

Status Complete
Seeking Researchers No
Start Date 12/01/2012
End Date 07/01/2013
Funding Source Undergraduate Research Grant
Funding Amount
Community Partner
Related Course
Last Updated 01/30/2013 05:15PM
Keywords fast food

People

Faculty
  Nelta Edwards

Student Researchers
  Brianne Bowers

Abstract

The number of obesity, diabetes and other diet-related disease cases among adults
are increasing rapidly in the United States (Mokdad et al 2001). The food choice options one has access to can be highly dependent on the neighborhood in which one lives in (Yer Ploeg et al 2009). This can make it difficult to cat healthy if the options available to someone in their neighborhood arc more likely to be fast food restaurants than grocer; stores (Sharkey et al 2011 ). What if a certain demographic group was more likely to live ncar more fast food restaurants than another? That demographic group would be more likely to eat unhealthy diets than other demographic groups because of the food options available to them in their neighborhood. 1 he purpose of this study is to determine if there is a relationship between the number of fast food restaurants in a neighborhood and that neighborhood's economic class.

Specific Aims: Five national fast food restaurant chains will be included in this study: Subway, McDonald's, Starbucks, Pizza Hut and Burger King. Six fast food rates will be calculated: the fast food rates of each of the above restaurants as well as a total fast food rate of all of the fast food restaurants in an area. Median household income will be the variable used to measure the economic class of a neighborhood. This study will determine if there is a significant relationship between fast food rate and social class and discuss the consequences of these relationships.

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